1.72 Vessel audits. Transport Canada`s Port State Control is a program that conducts inspections of foreign ships at major Canadian ports to ensure compliance with important international conventions on the law of the sea, including MARPOL. Transport Canada reports that the proportion of defects related to marine pollution, including insufficient certificates, logbooks, oil readings or pollution control equipment, decreased from 1998 to 2002. In 2002, 525 inspections revealed deficiencies and 4.4% of these anomalies related to marine pollution (compared to 587 inspections and 6% of marine pollution anomalies in 1998). While the results of the audit may provide a good indication of compliance with the convention, the Department is not in a position to sufficiently demonstrate whether the reduction in deficiencies has resulted in a decrease in discards from ships at sea. The objective of CITES is to regulate international trade in certain endangered plants and animals. There are nearly 36,000 plants and animals protected by CITES and the species are classified into three levels of protection depending on the degree of regulation required. The full titles of the five international environmental agreements are included in the case study phases, in the form of follow-ups and recommendations. 1.4 Setting clear and quantifiable expectations for results, and then measuring results against those expectations, can be a major challenge in managing complex environmental issues.
Nevertheless, our study of five international environmental agreements shows that the concept of the environment is broad. Some agreements cover a range of environmental protection measures, while others are extremely specific. Nevertheless, the Board of Directors of the Canadian Secretariat encourages departments to direct readers to other publications or websites through their departmental performance reports, where they can find more complete performance information. 1.81 The agreement. The United Nations Agreement on the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 concerning the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks, commonly referred to as the United Nations Fish Stocks Agreement (UNFA), constitutes a framework for international cooperation in the conservation and management of such fish stocks. . . .